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Recognizing a Human Trafficking Victim or a Perpetrator


Nancy W. Burkhart, EdD, MEd, BSDH, AFAAOM

Credit Hours:

2 Hour(s)


This course provides facts about the human trafficking world and the resulting psychological and physical effects to the victims involved. It also provides a guide to help the dental professional identify a trafficking situation as well as ...

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This course provides facts about the human trafficking world and the resulting psychological and physical effects to the victims involved. It also provides a guide to help the dental professional identify a trafficking situation as well as information about mandatory reporting of the crime.

In addition, this course delves into the reasons that human trafficking is a high-income business for traffickers as well as how to identify both victims and the perpetrators within this sub-world. There is a great need for educated healthcare providers to recognize and report offenders of trafficking. Finally, this course provides resources and information needed to assist a victim and to report known traffickers who are involved in all forms of trafficking. The increase of individuals entering the United States has made the chance of treating an individual who may be a perpetrator or victim of human trafficking a real possibility. Knowing the signs that indicate a trafficking situation is paramount in assisting a victim and keeping your practice personnel safe.

  • Intended Audience:

    Dentists, Dental Hygienists, Dental Assistants, Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, Dental Assisting Students, Office Managers

  • Date Course Online:

    Jan 13, 2020

  • Last Revision Date:

    May 31, 2024

  • Course Expiration Date:

    May 30, 2027

  • Cost:


  • Method:


  • AGD Subject Code(s):


  • Technical Requirements:

    Stable internet connection and the latest version of browser and device software are recommended.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to:

  • Identify seven key work-settings where humans may be trafficking victims.
  • Discuss physical and psychological clues that a patient displays indicating that they may be a trafficking victim.
  • List four specific verbal responses by the victim or the perpetrator that may assist in identifying a trafficking situation.
  • Identify five key trafficking-associated words that may be commonly heard.
  • List two major resources on both the local and national level that are recognized intervention specialists in human trafficking.
  • Discuss four reasons why a victim may decline to be identified.
  • Describe three oral injuries that may be noted during the oral/extra-oral exam in a dental practice related to trafficking victims.
  • List the protocol that should be taken by a dental professional when identifying a trafficking victim and their perpetrator.


  • P&G is providing these resource materials to dental professionals. We do not own this content nor are we responsible for any material herein.

  • Participants must always be aware of the hazards of using limited knowledge in integrating new techniques or procedures into their practice.  Only sound evidence-based dentistry should be used in patient therapy.

Note:  Registration is required to take test.

Please Note:

Florida Dentists: This course has been approved by the Florida Board of Dentistry for credit.


Conflict of Interest Disclosure Statement

  • The author reports no conflicts of interest associated with this course.

Dr. Burkhart received a Bachelor of Science degree in Dental Hygiene Education from Fairleigh Dickinson University School of Dentistry, a Master of Education degree from North Carolina State University in Occupational Health Education, a Doc...

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Submission Information

Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) Submission For credit transfers to appear in your AGD account in real time, make sure to add your AGD membership number in the field provided on the “Share Your Test Score” page.

CE Broker For all states that use CE Broker for licensure, “proof of completions” are electronically reported the first of every month. If a course was taken in November, the “proof of completion” will be submitted the beginning of December.


AGD Pace Logo

Approved PACE Program Provider


Nationally Approved PACE Program Provider for FAGD/MAGD credit.

Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement.

8/1/2021 to 7/31/2027

Provider ID# 211886


AADH Approved Program Provider

Procter & Gamble is designated as an approved Provider by the American Academy of Dental Hygiene, Inc. #AADHPGC (January 1, 2024-December 31, 2025). Approval does not imply acceptance by a state or provincial Board of Dentistry. Licensee should maintain this document in the event of an audit.