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Basic Techniques for Management of the Infant and Toddler Dental Patient

Course Number: 54

References / Additional Resources

  1. American Dental Association. Statement on Early Childhood Caries. 2000. Accessed March 12, 2020.

  2. Qu X, Houser SH, Tian M, Zhang Q, Pan J, Zhang W. Effects of early preventive dental visits and its associations with dental caries experience: a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health. 2022 Apr 29;22(1):150. doi: 10.1186/s12903-022-02190-6. PMID: 35488264; PMCID: PMC9052678.

  3. American Association of Public Health Dentistry. First oral health assessment policy 2004.

  4. American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement – Organizational Principles to Guide and Define the Child health Care System and/or Improve the Health of All Children: Section on Pediatric Dentistry. Oral Health Risk Assessment Timing and Establishment of a Dental Home. Pediatrics. 2003;111:1113-1116. Accessed March 12, 2020.

  5. Definition of a Dental Home, American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry reference manual. Pediatr Dent. 2018. Accessed March 12, 2020.

  6. Yates T. Theories of Cognitive Development - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Textbook, 2nd edition. Melvin Lewis (Ed). Philadelphia, PA. Lippincott and Wilkins. 1996;134-155.

  7. Arnrup K, Broberg AG, Berggren U, et al. Temperamental reactivity and negative emotionality in uncooperative children referred to specialized paediatric dentistry compared to children in ordinary dental care. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2007 Nov;17(6):419-29. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2007.00868.x.

  8. Chess S, Thomas A. Temperament - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Textbook, 2nd edition. Melvin Lewis (Ed). Philadelphia, PA. Lippincott and Wilkins. 1996;170-181.

  9. Pinkham JR. Personality development. Managing behavior of the cooperative preschool child. Dent Clin North Am. 1995 Oct;39(4):771-87.

  10. Baier K, Milgrom P, Russell S, et al. Children's fear and behavior in private pediatric dentistry practices. Pediatr Dent. 2004 Jul-Aug;26(4):316-21.

  11. Klingberg G, Broberg AG. Dental fear/anxiety and dental behaviour management problems in children and adolescents: a review of prevalence and concomitant psychological factors. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2007 Nov;17(6):391-406.

  12. Milgrom P, Weinstein P. Dental fears in general practice: new guidelines for assessment and treatment. Int Dent J. 1993 Jun;43(3 Suppl 1):288-93

  13. Luoto A, Lahti S, Nevanperä T, et al. Oral-health-related quality of life among children with and without dental fear. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2009 Mar;19(2):115-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2008.00943.x

  14. Bedi R, Sutcliffe P, Donna PT, et al. The prevalence of dental anxiety in a group of 13 and 14 year old Scottish children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 1992 Apr: 2(1)17-24.

  15. Taylor MH, Moyer IN, Peterson DS. Effect of appointment time, age, and gender on children's behavior in a dental setting. ASDC J Dent Child. 1983 Mar-Apr;50(2):106-10.

  16. Folayan MO, Idehen EE, Ojo OO. The modulating effect of culture on the expression of dental anxiety in children: a literature review. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2004 Jul;14(4):241-5.

  17. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health; Task Force on Pain in Infants, Children, and Adolescents. The assessment and management of acute pain in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2001 Sep;108(3):793-7.

  18. Townsend JA. Behavior Guidance of the Pediatric Dental Patient - Pediatric Dentistry Infancy through Adolescence, 5th edition. Paul S Casamassimo (Ed). St. Louis, MO. Elsevier/Saunders. 2013;352-370.

  19. Adair SM, Waller JL, Schafer TE, et al. A survey of members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on their use of behavior management techniques. Pediatr Dent. 2004 Mar-Apr;26(2):159-66.

  20. Shroff S, Hughes C, Mobley C. Attitudes and preferences of parents about being present in the dental operatory. Pediatr Dent. 2015 Jan-Feb;37(1):51-5.

Additional Resources

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