DentalCare Logo

Digital Imaging in Dentistry: Intraoral, Extraoral, and 3D Technology

Course Number: 512

References / Additional Resources

  1. American College of Radiology. Radiation Dose in X-ray and CT Exams. Accessed August 18, 2021.

  2. Buchanan A, Benton B, Carraway A, et al. Perception Versus Reality-Findings From a Phosphor Plate Quality Assurance Study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2017 Apr;123(4):496-501. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2016.12.004. Epub 2016 Dec 24.

  3. Chowdhry A, Sircar K, Popli DB, et al. Image Manipulation: Fraudulence in Digital Dental Records: Study and Review. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2014 Jan;6(1):31-5. doi: 10.4103/0975-1475.127767.

  4. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Dental Cone-Beam Computed Tomography. Accessed August 18, 2021.

  5. Iannucci JM, Howerton LJ. Dental Radiography: Principles and Techniques, 5th Ed. St. Louis, MO. Elsevier. 2017.

  6. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Report No. 172 - Reference Levels and Achievable Doses in Medical and Dental Imaging: Recommendations for the United States. 2012. Accessed August 18, 2021.

  7. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Report No. 145 - Radiation Protection in Dentistry. 2003. Accessed August 18, 2021.

  8. Walker TF, Mah P, Dove SB, et al. Digital Intraoral Radiographic Quality Assurance and control in private practice. Gen Dent. 2014 Sep-Oct;62(5):22-9.

  9. White SC, Pharoah MJ. Oral radiology: Principles and Interpretation, 7th Ed. St Louis, MO. Mosby. 2014.

  10. Vandenberghe B. The Crucial Role of Imaging in Digital Dentistry. Dent Mater. 2020 May;36(5):581-591. doi: 10.1016/

  11. Zhang W et al. Comparison of Efficiency and Image Quality of Photostimulable Phosphor Plate and Charge-Coupled Device Receptors in Dental Radiography. J Dent Educ. 2019 Oct;83(10):1205-1212. doi: 10.21815/JDE.019.120

  12. Yoon DC, et al. Digital Radiographic Image Processing and Analysis. Dent Clin N Am. 2018;62:341-359.

  13. Flint DJ, Ruiz Velasco RC. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Applications in Dentistry CE531. 2017 Jan.

  14. Abdelkarim A. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics. Dent J. 2019 Sep;7(3):89. doi: 10.3390/dj7030089.

  15. Chang L et al. Periradicular Lesions in Cancellous Bone can be Detected Radiographically. J Endod. 2020 Apr;46(4):496-501. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2019.12.013

  16. Rabiee, H et al. Endodontics Program Directors’, Residents’, and Endodontists’ Considerations About CBCT-Related Graduate Education. J Dent Educ. 2018 Sep;82(9):989-999.

  17. Beals DW et al. CBCT in Advanced Dental Education: A Survey of U.S. Postdoctoral Periodontics Programs. J Dent Educ. 2020 Mar;84(3):301-307.

  18. Rios, HF et al. The Use of Cone-Beam Tomography in Management of Patients Requiring Dental Implants: An American Academy of Periodontology Best Evidence Review. J Periodontol.2017 Oct;88(10:946-959.

  19. Tamimi D. et al. Temporomandibular Joint Imaging. Radiol Clin N Am. 2018 Jan;56(1):157-175. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2017.08.011

Additional Resources

  • No Additional Resources Available