DentalCare Logo

An Overview of Dental Anatomy

Course Number: 500

Bone Structure of the Face

Figure 1 identifies the various bone structures of the head and face. Correctly visualizing the bone structures of the face and head aids in palpation techniques when conducting a head and neck examination on the patient.

Bones of human skull

Figure 1. Human Skull.

  • Ethmoid – Midline cranial bone.

  • Frontal – Bone that forms the forehead.

  • Lacrimal – Paired bones that form the wall of the orbit.

  • Mandible – Bone that forms the lower jaw.

  • Maxilla – Bone that forms the upper jaw.

  • Nasal – Paired bones that form the bridge of the nose.

  • Occipital – Bone that forms the posterior portion of the head.

  • Parietal – Paired bones at the top of the skull. They articulate with each other and other bones in the skull.

  • Sphenoid – Midline bone that has several processes associated with it.

  • Temporal – Paired bones that form the lateral walls of the skull and articulate with the mandible at the temporomandibular joint.

  • Zygomatic – Paired facial bones that form the cheeks.