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Ortho 101 for the Dental Professional

Course Number: 413

References / Additional Resources

  1. American Association of Orthodontics. (n.d.). Glossary of Orthodontic Terms. Accessed January 31, 2023.

  2. Lara-Carrillo E, Montiel-Bastida NM, Sánchez-Pérez L, et al. J. Effect of orthodontic treatment on saliva, plaque and the levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 Nov 1;15(6):e924-929.

  3. Boris, Gary G. And Calm, Alex M. Spatial scale in analysis of the dental plaque microbiome. Periodontology 2000. 2021 Jun; 86(1): 97-112.

  4. Chandki R, Banthia P, Banthia R. Biofilms: A microbial home. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2011;15:111-4.

  5. Ren Z, Cui T, Zeng J, et al. Molecule Targeting Glucosyltransferase Inhibits Streptococcus mutans Biofilm Formation and Virulence. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Oct 19;60(1):126-35. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00919-15. Print 2016 Jan.

  6. Hendrickson EL, Wang T, Dickinson BC, et al. Proteomics of Streptococcus gordonii within a model developing oral microbial community. BMC Microbiol. 2012 Sep 18;12:211. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-211.

  7. Caufield PW, Schön CN, Saraithong P, et al. Oral Lactobacilli and Dental Caries: A Model for Niche Adaptation in Humans. J Dent Res. 2015 Sep;94(9 Suppl):110S-8S. doi: 10.1177/0022034515576052. Epub 2015 Mar 10.

  8. Sundararaj D, Venkatachalapathy S, Tandon A, et al. Critical evaluation of incidence and prevalence of white spot lesions during fixed orthodontic appliance treatment: A meta-analysis. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015 Nov-Dec;5(6):433-9. doi: 10.4103/2231-0762.167719.

  9. Gomes LK, Sarmento CF, Seabra FR, et al. Randomized clinical controlled trial on the effectiveness of conventional and orthodontic manual toothbrushes. Braz Oral Res. 2012 Jul-Aug;26(4):360-5.

  10. Yaacob M, Worthington HV, Deacon SA, et al. Powered versus manual toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jun 17;(6):CD002281. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002281.pub3.

  11. Lyle DM. Relevance of the water flosser: 50 years of data. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2012 Apr;33(4):278-280, 282.

  12. Bock NC, von Bremen J, Kraft M, et al. Plaque control effectiveness and handling of interdental brushes during multibracket treatment--a randomized clinical trial. Eur J Orthod. 2010 Aug;32(4):408-413. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjp088. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

  13. Chuang LC, Huang CS, Ou-Yang LW, et al. Probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei effect on cariogenic bacterial flora. Clin Oral Investig. 2011 Aug;15(4):471-6. doi: 10.1007/s00784-010-0423-9. Epub 2010 May 26.

  14. Zahradnik RT, Magnusson I, Walker C, et al. Preliminary assessment of safety and effectiveness in humans of ProBiora3, a probiotic mouthwash. J Appl Microbiol. 2009 Aug;107(2):682-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04243.x. Epub 2009 Mar 30.

  15. Bahador A, Lesan S, Kashi N. Effect of xylitol on cariogenic and beneficial oral streptococci: a randomized, double-blind crossover trial. Iran J Microbiol. 2012 Jun;4(2):75-81.

  16. Montazeri N, Jahandideh R, Biazar E. Synthesis of fluorapatite-hydroxyapatite nanoparticles and toxicity investigations. Int J Nanomedicine. 2011;6:197-201. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S15461. Epub 2011 Jan 28.

  17. Carey CM. Focus on fluorides: update on the use of fluoride for the prevention of dental caries. J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2014 Jun;14 Suppl:95-102. doi: 10.1016/j.jebdp.2014.02.004. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

  18. Pinar Erdem A, Sepet E, Kulekci G, et al. Effects of two fluoride varnishes and one fluoride/chlorhexidine varnish on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus biofilm formation in vitro. Int J Med Sci. 2012;9(2):129-136. doi: 10.7150/ijms.3637. Epub 2012 Jan 7.

  19. Karlinsey RL, Mackey AC, Walker TJ, et al. In vitro remineralization of human and bovine white-spot enamel lesions by NaF dentifrices: A pilot study. J Dent Oral Hyg. 2011 Feb;3(2):22-29.

  20. Pilli, Lakshmi Narayana, Singaraju, Gowri Sanlar, Nettim, Venkatesh, et al. An Extensive Comparison of the Clinical Efficiency of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF) and Neutral Sodium Fluoride (NaF) Oral Rinses in the Prevention of White Spot Lesions during Fixed Orthodontic Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Biomed Research International. Volume 2022, Article ID 6828657.

  21. Kallar S, Pandit IK, Srivastava N, et al. Plaque removal efficacy of powered and manual toothbrushes under supervised and unsupervised conditions: a comparative clinical study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2011 Jul-Sep;29(3):235-238. doi: 10.4103/0970-4388.85832.

Additional Resources

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