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Immunological and Inflammatory Aspects of Periodontal Disease

Course Number: 1

Monocytes - Macrophages

Monocytes, which constitute 3-7% of leukocytes, are usually the second cell type to move to the site of injury or inflammation. Monocytes, like PMNs, can eliminate pathogens and debris by phagocytosis. After leaving the circulation, monocytes develop into tissue macrophages.

Macrophages are active against infectious agents by phagocytosis. They are also important antigen presenting cells that take up antigen and, after processing, present the antigen to lymphocytes. Thus, macrophages can help orchestrate the immune response.