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Painful Oral Ulcers

Case Challenge Number: 23


  1. Neville BW, Damm DD, Allen CM, et al. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, 2nd edition. W. B. Saunders Company, 2002.

  2. MacDonald-Jankowski DS. Fibro-osseous lesions of the face and jaws. Clin Radiol. 2004 Jan; 59(1):11-25.

  3. Su L, Weathers DR, Waldron CA. Distinguishing features of focal cemento-osseous dysplasia and cemento-ossifying fibromas. II. A clinical and radiologic spectrum of 316 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1997 Nov; 84(5): 540-9.

  4. Bennett JH, Thomas G, Evans AW, et al. Osteosarcoma of the jaws: a 30-year retrospective review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000 Sep; 90(3):323-32.

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  7. Ukleja A, DeVault KR, Stark ME, et al. Lichen planus involving the esophagus. Dig Dis Sci 2001;46:2292-7.

  8. Chan ES, Thornhill M, Zakrzewska J. Interventions for treating oral lichen planus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;18:CD 001168.

  9. Edwards PC, Kelsch R. Oral lichen planus: clinical presentation and management. J Can Dent Assoc 2002;68:494-9.

  10. Cribier B, Frances C, Chosidow O. Treatment of lichen planus: an evidence-based medicine analysis of efficacy. Arch Dermatol 1998;134:1521-30.

  11. Lodi G, Scully C, Carrozzo M, et al. Current controversies in oral lichen planus: report of an international consensus meeting. Part 2. Clinical managment and malignant transformation. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod (in press).

  12. Kaliakatsou F, Hodgson TA, Lewsey JD, et al. Management of recalcitrant ulcerative oral lichen planus with topical tacrolimus. J Am Acad Dermatol 2002;46:35-41.